SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University
Department of Otolaryngology
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- Residency Training
- Typical PGY-1 Surgical Procedures
- Typical PGY-2 Surgical Procedures
- Typical PGY-3 Surgical Procedures
- Typical PGY-4 Surgical Procedures
- Typical PGY-5 Surgical Procedures
- Training in Otolaryngology Allergy and Immunology
- Training in Otology
- Training in Endocrinology
- Training in Neurology
- Organization of Teaching Services and Clinics
- Basic Science Education
- Laboratory Facilities
- Scientific/Academic Computing Center
- Resident Rotations
- Diadactic Teaching Program
- Grand Rounds
- Morbidity and Mortality/Quality Improvement
- Basic Science Lecture Series
- Resident Presentations
- Otology Conference - Kings County Hospital Center
- Radiology and Pathology
- Combined Head and Neck Oncology
- Multidisciplinary Endocrine Surgery Conference
- Communicative Disorders
- Temporal Bone Dissection Course
- BVAH Otolaryngology Conference
- BVAH Head and Neck Conference
- Special Evening Meetings
- Journal Club
- Flex Resident Study Course
- In-Training Examination
- Mock Oral Board Examinations
- COCLIA Review Course
- Educational Objectives
FIRST YEAR OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY / SURGICAL TRAINING (PGY-1)
The PGY-1 year in otolaryngology includes clinical and didactic activities that prepare residents to (a) assess, plan, and initiate treatment of adult and pediatric patients with surgical and/or medical problems, (b) care for patients of all ages with surgical and medical emergencies, multiple organ system trauma, soft tissue wounds, nervous system injuries and disease, and peripheral vascular and thoracic injuries, (c) care for critically-ill surgical and medical patients in the intensive care unit and emergency room settings, (d) participate in the pre-, intra-, and post-operative care of surgical patients, and (e) understand surgical anesthesia in hospital and ambulatory care settings, including anesthetic risks and the management of intra-operative anesthetic complications.
The training in this year is managed by the Departments Otolaryngology in coordination with the Departments of Surgery, Anesthesiology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Neurosurgery. This year includes the following rotations, as mandated by the ACGME Program Requirements for Graduate Medical Education in Otolaryngology:
- Six months of otolaryngology rotations.
- Rotations selected from anesthesia, general surgery, neurological surgery, oral-maxillofacial surgery, pediatric surgery and plastic surgery. The total time for each non-otolaryngology rotation must be at least four weeks but must not exceed two months.
- One month of an intensive care rotation.
Rotations take place at KCHC, UHB, Maimonides as described below:
- KCHC rotations: otolaryngology, general surgery, critical care unit (SICU), neurosurgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS)
- UHB rotations: otolaryngology, general surgery, pediatric surgery, anesthesia
- Maimonides: otolaryngology
- physical examination
- ACLS (Advanced Cardiac Life Support)
- ATLS (Advanced Trauma Life Support)
- oxygen administration
- bag-valve mask device usage
- closed chest compression
- oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal airways
- peripheral intravenous lines
- Foley catheter placement
- arterial blood gas sampling
- nasogastric tube placement
- central line placement
- lumbar puncture
- management of a lumbar drain
- basic wound management
- incision and drainage of simple abscesses, including peritonsillar
- basic suturing of uncomplicated (non-facial, non-hand) lacerations
- splinting of strains and sprains
- flexible nasal and nasopharyngeal endoscopy
- flexible laryngoscopy
- fine needle aspiration in the neck
- insertion and management of tracheotomy tubes
- foreign body removal from the ear, nose and pharynx
- anterior and posterior nasal packing
SECOND YEAR OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY / SURGICAL TRAINING (PGY-2)
This year includes 3 four-month rotations, two four-month rotations at Kings County Hospital Center/University Hospital of Brooklyn and one four--month rotations at the Lenox Hill Hospital/MEETH. This PGY-2 year is directed to the development of clinical abilities, the taking of otolaryngological histories, performing physical examinations, and learning special techniques, leading to the identification and treatment of common conditions encountered in otolaryngology. The resident participates in the outpatient clinical care of both pediatric and adult populations and also participates in specialty clinics, such as pediatric, otology, and head and neck oncology.
The Basic Science Program, during the first two months of the resident year, reinforces basic science application to the clinical practice of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. The lectures, in addition to temporal bone dissection and head and neck gross anatomy dissection, are provided by full-time and part-time faculty of otolaryngology and other medical school faculty. An introduction to hearing and speech evaluation/therapy is provided by the audiology and speech faculty.
- Closed Reduction Nasal Fracture
- Intranasal Antrotomy
- Excision Preauricular Sinus
- Myringotomy and Tube
- Split Thickness Skin Graft
- Full Thickness Skin Graft
- Excision Skin Lesions, Primary Closure
- Direct Laryngoscopy – Diagnostic
- Direct Laryngoscopy and biopsy
- Laryngoscopy with Excision
- Reduction Facial Fractures
- Mandibular Fracture Reduction – Closed
- T & A
THIRD YEAR OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY / SURGICAL TRAINING (PGY-3)
This year includes one four-month rotation at the Kings County Hospital Center, one four- month rotation at Methodist and four months of research. Increasing responsibilities are reflected in performing inpatient consultations, and in teaching of medical students and residents of other programs. Broad clinic patient responsibility and refinement of diagnostic and treatment skills are continued in the junior year.
Knowledge of work-up and differential diagnosis for complex diseases related to otolaryngology is required, such as acoustic neuroma, Ménière’s disease, diseases of the thyroid gland, allergy mediated disease, and unknown primary cancer of the head and neck. Residents and gain experience in open reduction of facial fractures, removal of foreign bodies from the upper aerodigestive tract, pediatric endoscopy and laser procedures, tympanoplasty, excision of salivary glands, frontal and ethmoid sinus surgery, regional skin flaps, radical neck dissection, total laryngectomy, and cosmetic facial surgery.
- Endoscopic Maxillary Antrostomy and Ethmoidectomy
- Excision of Cysts (Globulomaxillary, Nasoalveolar)
- Tympanoplasty –Type 1
- Thyroglossal Duct Cyst Excision
- Congenital Cyst Excision
- Partial Neck Dissection
- Submandibular Gland Excision
- Lip Shave
- Hemiglossectomy, simple
- Excision other Nasopharyngeal Tumor
- Lip Wedge Resection, 1o Closure
- Local Resection Cancer Mouth
- Incision & Drainage Neck Abscess
- Cervical Lymph Node Biopsy
- Repair Complex Facial Lacerations
- Reduction Facial Fractures – Nasal
- Reduction Facial Fractures – Malar
- Reduction Facial Fractures – Orbital Blowout
- Reduction Facial Fractures – Mandibular-open
- Pedicle Flap Procedures – Local
- Pedicle Flap Procedures – Regional
- Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
- Nasal Polypectomy
- Caldwell Luc
- Esophagoscopy – Diagnostic with Foreign Body Removal
- Esophagoscopy – Diagnostic with Structure Dilation
- Bronchoscopy – Diagnostic
- Panendoscopy (Multiple Concurrent Endoscopic Procedures)
FOURTH YEAR OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY / SURGICAL TRAINING (PGY-4)
This year includes one four-month rotation at Maimonides Medical Center, one four-month rotation at Kings County Hospital Center and one four-month rotation at Lenox- Hill – MEETH. The resident has substantial responsibility in administration and in teaching junior otolaryngology residents. Also, at this stage, he or she develops knowledge and experience with various medical and surgical complications and their management.
The fourth-year otolaryngology resident is in charge of performing elective and emergency in-house consultations. The resident also develops awareness of rehabilitation techniques and procedures pertaining to otolaryngology. During this year, the resident gains more experience with parotidectomy, modified neck dissection, composite resection, sphenoethmoidectomy, mastoidectomy, stapedectomy, endolymphatic sac shunt, maxillectomy, rhinoplasty, rhytidectomy, blepharoplasty, otoplasty, correction of congenital deformities, facial nerve decompression, and removal of nasopharyngeal tumors.
The PGY-4 resident is expected to use the experience of this year to prepare for the Chief Resident experience.
- Tympanoplasty II-IV (without Mastoidectomy)
- Modified Radical Mastoidectomy
- Simple Mastoidectomy
- Transnasal approach to the sella
- Closure of Pharyngostome
- Transantral Ligation of Vessels
- Oroantral Fistula Repair
- Choanal Atresia Repair
- Excision of Simple Tumor of Nose
- Cricopharyngeal Myotomy
- Tissue Expander, placement and management
- Lingual Tonsillectomy
- Pedicle Flap Procedures-Myocutaneous
- Lymphangioma excision
- Thyrotomy (Laryngofissure)
- Vertical Hemilaryngectomy
- Supraglottic Laryngectomy
- Pharyngeal Diverticulectomy
- Modified Neck Dissection, primary
- Excision with Flap Reconstruction
- Lateral Rhinotomy
- Superficial Parotidectomy
- Composite Resection of Primary in Floor of Mouth, Alveolus, Tongue, Buccal
- Tonsillectomy, radical
- Mandibular Resection (independent procedure)
- Excision Pinna
- Surgical Speech Fistula Creation
- Arytenoidectomy, Arytenoidopexy
- Thyroid Lobectomy
- Subtotal Thyroidectomy
- Total Thyroidectomy
- Cervical Esophagostomy for Feeding
- Major Vessel Ligation
- Branchial Cleft Cyst Excision
- Vocal Cord Injection
- Laser Laryngoscopy
- Bronchoscopy-Diagnostic with Foreign Body Removal
- Bronchoscopy-Diagnostic with Stricture Dilation
- Brow Lift
- Reduction Facial Fractures – Frontal
- Maxilla-Le Fort I
- Maxilla – LeFort II
- Scar Revision
- External Ethmoidectomy
- Frontal Sinus Trephine
- Endoscopic Sinus Surgery with sphenoidotomy and frontal sinusotomy
FIFTH YEAR OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY / SURGICAL TRAINING (PGY-5)
This year includes a four-month rotations at New York Methodist Hospital (administrative chief resident), a four-month rotations at Kings County Hospital Center/University Hospital at Brooklyn and a 4-month ambulatory care rotation at SUNY Bayridge, MEETH, Methodist and the 185 Montague Street offices. The chief resident has administrative responsibility for all aspects of patient care. The resident gains wide exposure to the following concepts: chemotherapy and radiation therapy for treatment of patients with cancer of the head and neck, cancer immunology laryngotracheal reconstruction and skull base surgery. The chief resident develops broad experience with the following surgical procedures: partial and total laryngectomy, tracheal resection and reconstruction, total parotidectomy, parathyroidectomy, temporal bone resection, mediastinal resection, craniofacial resection, orbital decompression, neck dissection and composite resection, complicated reconstructive problems of the head, neck and face, neuro-otology (including middle cranial fossa surgery, Meniere’s disease), cochlear implantation, skull base surgery, and major pediatric otolaryngological surgery.
The chief resident participates actively in teaching medical students, paramedical personnel, and junior otolaryngology residents. The chief resident also has major responsibility for assuring that the numerous consults received from other services are handled accurately and expeditiously and that attendings are fully informed and consulted on all patient care and administrative matters which occur at night and on the weekends. Chief residents also are responsible for exploring clinical research projects and stimulating other members of the team to explore research opportunities.
All Chief Residents (and PGY-4 at Maimonides and Lenox Hill) are responsible for preparation of material for monthly M&M/PI/CQI conferences in the required format. This includes presentation of data on patient volume (in-patient and out-patient), on-going issues in clinic and inpatient services, interaction with other services, NYPORTS, equipment and service needs, transfusions/rational, complications, morbidities, mortalities and changes in procedures mandated by the above.
Further information about the role of the Chief Resident is included in the Chief Resident Manual, which was first prepared by Boris Bentsianov, MD, former Chief Resident, and is updated annually.
- Total Parotidectomy with facial nerve preservation
- Parapharyngeal Space Tumor Excision
- Maxillectomy with Orbital Exenteration
- Excision Tumor Ethmoid and Cribriform Plate
- Temporal Bone Resection
- Repair Laryngeal Fracture
- Tracheal Resection with Repair
- Major Vessel Repair
- Parotidectomy with Nerve Graft
- Excision Angiofibroma
- Transsternal Mediastinal Dissection
- Scalene Node Biopsy
- Facial Nerve Graft, Repair or Substitution
- Microsurgical Free Flap
- Skull Base Resection – Lateral
- Excision of Paraganglioma of Neck and Skull Base
- Fascial Sling Procedures
- Pharyngeal Flap
- Pharyngogastric Anastomosis (Gastric Pull-Up)
- Skull Base Resection – Anterior
- Skull Base Resection – Middle
- Temporalis Muscle Transfer
- Composite Graft
- Osteoplastic Frontal Sinusectomy
- Frontal Sinus Ablation
- Radical Pan-Sinusectomy
- Cleft Lip Repair
- Cleft Palate Repair
- Reconstruction Congenital Aural Atresia
- Reconstruction External Ear
- Maxilla-LeFort III
- Facial Nerve Decompression
- Repair of Perilymphatic Fistula
- Endolymphatic Sac Operation
- Resection Cerebellopontine Angle Tumor
All residents participate in the numerous educational programs of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Triological Society, New York Head and Neck Society, and various New York Metropolitan residency programs. In addition, each resident is expected to have two active clinical research projects underway at any given time. The faculty provides supervision of these projects and encourages completion of manuscripts for publication and presentation at national and/or regional meetings.
Training in Otolaryngology Allergy, and Immunology
Training in otolaryngologic allergy and immunology includes the following:
- Combined Allergy-Rhinology Clinic at KCHC
- Participation in programs of American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy (AAOA) (residents are encouraged to join).
- Series of lectures by the chairman on otolaryngologic aspects of AIDS.
- Close clinical working relationship with KCHC and SUNY faculty in allergy and immunology.
- Inclusion of discussion of allergic and immunologic aspects of otolaryngologic disease during routine conferences.
- Use of AAO-HNS educational material in allergy/immunology including selected SIPacs, Monographs, and Home Study Courses.
- Directed reading assignments on allergy/immunology topics.
Training in endocrinology includes the following activities:
- Extensive discussion on teaching rounds and in the operating rooms about the numerous patients who present with endocrine disorders or who require endocrine surgery.
- Special Grand Rounds lectures and conferences on topics such as thyroid disease, parathyroid disease, diabetes, etc. These conferences involved colleagues from related clinical and basic science departments.
- Numerous surgical cases are performed in conjunction with the Department of Neurosurgery which has a special interest in transsphenoidal hypophysectomy.
- Use of AAO-HNS educational materials and selected reading in endocrinology.
- Close working relationship with endocrinologists at all hospitals.
Training in neurology includes the following activities:
- Discussion of the neurologic aspects of various otolaryngologic disorders in the operating room, clinics, and teaching rounds.
- Close working relationship with the Department of Neurosurgery with whom a Skull Base Surgical Center has been created at UHB and with whom we perform numerous surgical procedures.
- Interactive research projects with Richard Kollmar, PhD in the Department of Cell Biology
The teaching service at each of the 5 sites (6 hospitals) is under the direction of a full-time staff member:
- University Hospital of Brooklyn: Richard Rosenfeld
- Kings County Hospital Center: Matthew Hanson
- Maimonides Medical Center: Michael Weiss
- NY Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital: N. Chernichenko
- Lenox Hill/ MEETH: Jessica Lim
The attending physician is responsible for determining standards for the delivery of clinical care, defining and coordinating the intramural educational program, assuring that all institutional regulations are followed, monitoring resident progress, coordinating the activities of the attending staff and reporting promptly and accurately to the chairman on all departmental details.
The service chief recruits and supervises the attending staff, plans the intramural conference schedule, plans the operating room and clinic schedules and assures that there is a proper balance between service responsibilities and educational opportunities for the residents. All surgery is performed under attending supervision and all clinics have attending coverage. The chairman is present every week at the three major hospitals and makes periodic on-site visits to the other two hospitals. He also holds carefully structured meetings with the service chiefs from each institution bimonthly to assess the progress of clinical and educational programs.
The Chairman, Program Director, and Associate Program Director, in conjunction with the full-time staff, the Director of Communicative Disorders and the Director of Research, have planned a multifaceted program for basic science education which includes the following:
- Introductory basic science conferences directed toward the first-,second- and third-year residents for 2 hours each week during July-September.
- Special targeted seminars are held approximately quarterly to integrate basic science and clinical topics (such as thyroid function and thyroid surgery).
- Didactic instruction in biostatistics, epidemiology, and basic science research by Richard Rosenfeld, Nira Goldstein, and Richard Kollmar.
- Monthly research conference that reviews current faculty and resident projects and monitors resident planning for the research rotation
- Protected 4-month research rotation during the PGY-3 year in which the focus on basic science aspects or research experience are stressed.
- Numerous interactive projects with colleagues in Anatomy, Physiology, and Cell Biology Departments at SUNY.
- Use of basic science educational material prepared by AAO-HNS.
Attending rounds are conducted by the Socratic method. Knowledge of basic sciences, including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology and pathology are stressed in a way in which they can be related to direct patient care.
A New York State accredited Research Laboratory is located at SUNY-Downstate and available to members of the Department of Otolaryngology.
A new temporal bone dissection laboratory that will serve as a state-of-the-art facility for the department’s regular basic course in otologic surgery for the residents will be opening up at SUNY-Downstate this year.
A comprehensive animal laboratory is also located at SUNY-Downstate.
The Scientific/Academic Computing Center (S/Acc) located in the Basic Science Building at SUNY, aids students, staff, and faculty by offering formal courses, information, instruction and individual consultations. The staff offers these consultations in a wide area of computer applications, including how to use the Center’s computers and other facilities, statistical analysis, data acquisition, analysis techniques, research methodology, and mathematical/analytical methods.
Surgery (2 months selected from general surgery and pediatric surgery)
1 month in each of the following:
Otolaryngology: 2 months at KCHC/UHB and 4 months at Maimonides
KCHC/UHB – Kings County Hospital Center/University Hospital of Brooklyn
MEETH – Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital
NYMH - New York-Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital
Didactic Teaching Program
Grand Rounds are held every Thursday morning at the University Hospital of Brooklyn. All house staff, students, research fellows and faculty are required to attend. The first half hour is dedicated to the discussion of various residency related topics. During the 7:00 to 8:00am hour, lectures are delivered by invited guests who are nationally known for their expertise and experience in a variety of topics. In-house speakers and faculty as well as residents present information during the 8:00 to 9:00am hour. Also, journal club occurs from 8:00 to 9:00 on the second Thursday of each month and morbidity & mortality conference occurs at 7:00am on the fourth Thursday. On the fourth Thursday, invited speakers presentations occur from 8:00 to 9:00. Biweekly Head and Neck Tumor Board is included in the schedule from 9:00 to 10:00 alternating with the COCLIA Chapter Review Sessions Different aspects of basic sciences as related to the field of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery are presented and discussed from 7:00 to 9:00am during July and August.
Monthly departmental meetings are scheduled to discuss issues related to quality improvement, performance improvement and morbidity/mortality. This important process involves all department members in an effort to improve individual, departmental, interdisciplinary and system activities in rendering quality patient care. Focusing on the quality activities of all five affiliated hospitals provides a coherent departmental-wide program. These conferences always include a systems-based practice approach, with identification of the roles of all members of the health-care team and identification of any institutional or system issues.
During the summer, a 9-week basic science and communicative disorders course is given for 1st, 2nd and 3rd year residents, with senior resident attendance encouraged. Held on Thursday mornings, the first hour is devoted to basic anatomic, physiologic, radiologic and pharmacologic aspects of otolaryngology - head and neck surgery. The second hour is devoted to topics in clinical otolaryngology, audiology and speech and language pathology.
Once per year each resident gives a formal presentation on a basic science or clinical subject at Grand Rounds. The resident is expected to choose a faculty adviser to assist with topic selection, format determination and possible manuscript preparation. The presentations may be a part of a research project and submission to local, regional and national meetings.
The Otology Conference takes place on a weekly basis in the office of the Department of Otolaryngology. The content of didactic and bedside teaching is based upon clinical material related to patients treated at Kings County Hospital and University Hospital of Brooklyn. The resident presents the case, and the discussion is led and supervised by the attending physician. An attempt is made to integrate the clinical material from the standpoint of diagnosis, treatment, and didactic teaching. Operative cases are presented both before and following surgery.
Radiology and pathology conferences are held regularly every month within the context of the Grand Rounds conference. Basic overview of imaging and pathology as well as interesting cases in the head and neck are presented. Discussion and teaching is facilitated by experienced head and neck radiologists and pathologists.
Twenty four times a year, the Departments of Oncology, Otolaryngology, Radiology, Radiation Therapy and Pathology meet to discuss recent head and neck cancer patients and selected topics in head and neck cancer. A similar conference is held weekly at New York Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital. A combined otolaryngology/radiation oncology/medical oncology Tumor Board is held at SUNY-UHB/KCHC once a month; all head and neck cancer cases are presented for treatment planning.
A set of in-service meetings have been established by the Division of Communicative Disorders for the residents of otolaryngology. Topics covered include basic audiometry, immittance audiometry, evoked potentials, hearing loss, hearing aids, head and neck disorders, laryngectomy and rehabilitation and dysphagia.
During each year of training, residents attend a 3 day temporal bone course. Early course work stress anatomy and embryology, followed by intensive dissections and surgical technique practice. Dr. Matthew Hanson, Dr. Neil Sperling, and Dr. Michal Preis along with other faculty members, guide the resident through this important and valuable educational program. Temporal bones are also available for resident self-study and dissection.
Four times a year, the New York Head and Neck Society hosts a Wednesday evening lecture series devoted to a particular issue. Local, national and international authorities are invited to speak. All residents are invited and sponsored by our department.
The residents also attend the yearly New York City Pediatric Airway Course.
Residents also attend the AO North America Maxillofacial Trauma Course as a PGY-3 or PGY-4.
On a monthly basis, the current literature is reviewed in a journal club format. Review of the literature is important for keeping up-to-date with the ever-changing world of medicine. The Journal Club format helps residents learn how to analyze research fundamentals and new material, allowing them to draw their own conclusions. Reading the literature also helps create interest in specific research ideas and stimulates discussion and controversy.
The Flex Resident Study Course, offered by AAO-HNS emphasizes both classic and current studies in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. Course material span across all eight specialty areas. The first five specialty topics include: Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Polyps (September), Glottic and Subglottic Stenosis (October), Oropharyngeal Cancer Update 2020: HPV, Robotic surgery, and De-escalation (November); Acoustic Neuroma (January); and Pediatric OSA (February). The final three topics will include material on Practice Management (March); General Otolaryngology and Sleep Medicine (April), and Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (May).
A self-assessment examination is provided after each section and scored for credit. All residents participate in this course, with the registration fee paid by the Department of Otolaryngology at SUNY Downstate.
As part of the Bailey’s Chapter Review Sessions, In-Training Examination -type questions are also reviewed. Supervision is provided by an attending who is present at the request of the resident staff and is available for consultation. Topics from past examinations are reviewed to allow more comprehensive coverage of all aspects of the specialty of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery.
Approximately 4 times annually the department will conduct a mock oral board examination session as part of the grand rounds schedule.
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Additional Site Specific Conferences
Lenox Hill, New York Methodist, Kings County Hospital and Maimonides Tumor Boards
Lenox Hill Endocrinology Tumor Board
Head and Neck Journal Club at Lenox Hill and Kings County
Cochlear Implant Conference at UHB
Each resident is provided with a copy of the AAO-HNS monograph, "Educational Objectives for Residents in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery", at the beginning of their residency. An outline of the Education Objectives is in the Addendum at the end of this manual.
Specific reading requirements by training year are given under the “Medical Knowledge” competency sections in the “Goals and Objectives” document. In addition, it is expected that residents implement a systematic reading schedule to prepare for the annual Otolaryngology Training Examination each spring. The goal of the reading schedule should be to cover all material in a general otolaryngology textbook (e.g. Bailey’s) at least once annually, even if only superficially. More in-depth and focused reading should occur progressively as the resident advances in training.
All residents in the PGY-2 through PGY-5 years are expected to present a research project at the annual Frank E. Lucente Resident and Alumni Research Day in June.
Research projects may consist of (a) case series and chart reviews, (b) systematic reviews or meta-analyses of the literature, (c) planned observational research, (d) survey research or projects, or (e) experimental research (basic science or clinical trials).
A resident should be able to identify an area of study and specific questions to be addressed. The resident should be able to develop an investigative plan in the form of a research protocol, which will address the questions to be answered (i.e. retrospective vs. prospective) and explain their limitations. One should be able to design and implement a study. One should also be able to critique study design, methodology, statistical analysis and interpretations in both their own work as well as journal publications.
Residents are expected to work independently. Faculty members are available as advisors to provide guidance and direction. A research template must be completed six months prior to the start of the research rotation for review by the faculty mentor and research faculty.
Four months of protected research time is available to all residents during the PGY-3 year of otolaryngology training. Research is part of the ACGME core competency on practice-based learning and improvement (PBLI). Please refer to the “Goals and Objectives” document for a description of research expectations in the PGY-3 year under the PBLI subheading.
Research may be basic science or clinical. Work may be performed in any department as long as the work is done in one of the approved institutions and a member of the full time Otolaryngology faculty must be one of the research advisors.
Residents are encouraged to develop projects that can be completed during the allotted research time. Cost factors are also important in determining whether a protocol is approved.
All residents are expected to take advantage of the large clinical volume available to them. A clinical issue to study prospectively should be identified during the first three years of training. With the assistance of an otolaryngology faculty member, a protocol is then written and submitted to the Otolaryngology research committee for approval. Subsequent approval by the institution research review board may also be required. After approval of a protocol, the study should be performed without interfering with other clinical responsibilities.
A retrospective study using the clinical material available at any or all affiliated institutions should also be performed during the regular clinical assignments. Again, a protocol should be written and approved by the research committee prior to incurring any expense.