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SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University

Department of Ophthalmology

Additional Information

Pediatric Services

Esotropia – a condition whereby one or both eyes turn inward. Can be congenital or acquired and may be related to hyperopia (farsightedness). Esotropia can be corrected by either glasses or surgery in most cases. If one eye preferentially turns inward, it may become weak (amblyopic) and patching the noninvolved eye may improve vision in the weak eye.

Exotropia – a condition whereby one or both eyes turn outward. Exotropia can be corrected by either glasses or surgery in most cases. If one eye preferentially turns outward, it may become weak (amblyopic) and patching the noninvolved eye may improve vision in the weak eye.

Pediatric Cataract – a cloudy lens which can be present at birth (congenital cataract) or later on. The cataract can be unilateral (one eye) or bilateral (both eyes). Depending on the degree of opacity (cloudiness) and its impact on the child's vision, the cataract may need to be removed surgically. An artificial lens (IOL) may be implanted at the time of cataract removal depending on the age of the patient and other factors.

Strabismus – the horizontal and or vertical misalignment of the eyes. Strabismus can vary in severity and sometimes is treated with eyeglasses and sometimes with surgical intervention.