Full Time Faculty
Janet Rosenbaum, PhD
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Tel: (347) 557-1112 • Fax: (347) 557-1127
- Postdoctoral Fellowship: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
- PhD: Harvard University
- MA: Harvard University
Background and Expertise:
Janet Rosenbaum studies educational and economic factors in adolescent health. Her methodological expertise is in causal inference methods such as matched sampling. Her current projects include high school suspension (funded by the Spencer Foundation), community colleges (funded by the American Educational Research Association), and coerced unsafe sex and pregnancy. Dr. Rosenbaum completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health under a Centers for Disease Control sexually transmitted diseases training grant. She also earned a Ph.D. in health policy and statistics, an M.A. in statistics, and a B.A. in physics, all from Harvard University. Her dissertation studied virginity pledges and adolescents' inconsistent reporting of their sexual histories, and was covered by media including the New York Times, National Public Radio, and Saturday Night Live's Weekend Update.
Areas of Study
Health behaviors of community college students
Community college students are a large and growing portion of the young adult population in the United States. Little public health research has focused on this group. This project --- currently funded by the American Educational Research Association, and funded in the past by the American Institutes for Research from a Gates Foundation grant --- characterizes the community college student population. Studies include quantification of educational health disparities between community college graduates versus other young adults (Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology, in press), a longitudinal case-control study to identify factors that predict community college graduation, and identification of health risk behaviors of community college students.
Out-of-school suspension and expulsion and adolescent risk behavior
In 2003, the American Academy of Pediatrics issued a policy statement that out-of-school suspension and expulsion "jeopardize children's health and safety." Schools make more liberal use of out-of-school expulsion and suspension than in the past, but little or no public health research has tested the outcomes for students who were suspended or expelled. This project, funded by the Spencer Foundation, quantifies long-term educational and risk behavior outcomes of students who were suspended/expelled from school, and identifies groups that are more strongly affected.
Economic factors in adolescents' sexual behavior
Some youths obtain spending money from their romantic partners. Past research has found that non-romantic relationships in which money is exchanged directly for sex are risky, but we know little about risks associated with romantic relationships that include economic exchanges. Dr. Rosenbaum found that condom non-use is twice as common among adolescent girls whose boyfriends are their primary source of spending money, compared with girls who have other sources. Employment may help adolescents stay independent but may pose other problems.
- Population Association of America, poster prize, 2012
- Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine Early Investigators' Award finalist (one of 4), 2011
- Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM), poster prize, 2008
- Richard B Freeman, Eric Weinstein, Elizabeth Marincola, Janet Rosenbaum, Frank Solomon. Competition and careers in biosciences. Science. 2001; 2293–2294.
- Janet Rosenbaum. Reborn a virgin: Adolescents’ retracting of virginity pledges and sexual histories. American Journal of Public Health. 2006; 96:1098–1103
- Janet Rosenbaum. Adolescent risk behavior reporting consistency. Federal Committee for Statistical Methodology 2007 Research Conference Proceedings. November 6, 2007. http://www.fcsm.gov/07papers/Rosenbaum.VIII-B.pdf
- Janet Rosenbaum. Patient teenagers?: Virginity pledges as a marker for lower sexual activity. Pediatrics. 2009 Jan;123(1):e110-20.
- Janet Rosenbaum. Truth or consequences: The intertemporal consistency of adolescent self-report on the Youth Risk Behavior Survey. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2009 Jun 1;169(11):1388-97.
- James E. Rosenbaum, Jennifer L Stephan, Janet Rosenbaum. Beyond one-size-fits-all college dreams: Alternative pathways to desirable careers. American Educator. 2010 Fall; 34(3): 2–13.
- Janet Rosenbaum. Self-report. Encyclopedia of Adolescence. Editor, Roger JR Levesque. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. 2011.
- S Riedel, JH Melendez, AT An, JE Rosenbaum, JM Zenilman. Procalcitonin as a Marker for the Detection of Bacteremia and Sepsis in the Emergency Department. Am J Clin Pathol 2011;135:182–189.
- Janet Rosenbaum, Byron Weathersbee. True Love Waits. Do Southern Baptists? Premarital sexual behavior among newly married Southern Baptist Sunday school students. Journal of Religion and Health. advance online publication January 28, 2011. DOI: 10.1007/s10943-010-9445-5.
- Janet Rosenbaum. Gun utopias?: Firearm access and ownership in Israel and Switzerland. Journal of Public Health Policy. advance online publication November 17, 2011, doi:10.1057/jphp.2011.56
- James Rosenbaum, Janet Rosenbaum, and Jennifer L. Stephan. Perfectionist dreams and hidden stratification: Is perfection the enemy of the good? Frontiers in Sociology of Education., ed. Maureen Hallinan, Vol. 1. 2011.
- Janet Rosenbaum, Johan Melendez, Ralph DiClemente, Eve Rose, Gina Wingood, Jonathan Zenilman. Using a semen Y-chromosome biomarker to assess accuracy of reports of unprotected sex. Proceedings of the Federal Committee on Statistical Methods. April 2012. http://www.fcsm.gov/12papers/Rosenbaum 2012FCSM VII-A.pdf
- Janet Rosenbaum, Jonathan Zenilman, Eve Rose, Gina Wingood, Ralph DiClemente. Condoms, cash, and cars: Economic factors in low socioeconomic status women’s condom use. Journal of Adolescent Health. In press.
- Janet Rosenbaum. Degrees of health disparities: Health status disparities between young adults with high school diplomas, sub-baccalaureate degrees, and baccalaureate degrees. Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology. 2012; 12(2):156–68.
- Janet Rosenbaum, Ralph DiClemente, Eve Rose, Gina Wingood, Jonathan Zenilman. Do jobs work? Risk and protective behaviors associated with employment among disadvantaged female teens in urban Atlanta. Journal of Women, Policy, and Politics. In Press.