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Residency Program


Outstanding Performance in 2012 American Board of Pathology Examinations (AP / CP)
We are delighted to report that, for the 2nd year in a row, all of our graduates passed the American Board of Pathology AP and CP exams! We congratulate our graduates on their outstanding performance!

Outstanding Performance in 2012 ASCP Residents In-Service Examination (RISE)
We are delighted to report that our residents performed at the 95th percentile overall as compared with their peers nationally. Our 1st and 3rd year residents scored at the 99th percentile, while our 4th year residents scored at or above the 95th percentile! We congratulate our residents for their outstanding performance. At the end of the day, it is their hard work and determination that has paid off.

Our four-year ACGME AP/CP Residency Program is fully accredited with no citations.

Effective April 17, 2009, our AP/CP Training Program received continued accreditation for four years with no citations by the Residency Review Committee for Pathology of the ACGME. The Committee commended Dr. Peter Howanitz, the Program Director, and his staff on the “significant improvements made over the last two years, including the excellent departmental leadership, the strong variety of cases, and the formally assigned faculty mentors for residents.”

Four New Residents Joined Our Program July 1, 2012
We welcome our four new residents and look forward to working with each of them in the years ahead:

Eric Cochran received his MD from Technion Israel lnstitute of Technology, Israel.
Chuanyong Lu received his MB from Peking University Health Science Center, China. Subsequently, he performed a residency in orthopaedic surgery and has held research positions at the University of California San Francisco and Columbia University.

Remegio Maglanatay, Jr. received his MD from the University of the Philippines.

Jia Qin received her BM from China Medical University. Subsequently, she earned a Ph.D. in Cell and Molecular Physiology at the Strictch School of Medicine at Loyola University Chicago.

Recent Publications

Lili Lee, Fang Zhou, Anthony Simms, Rosemary Wieczorek, Yanan Fang, Antonio Subietas-Mayol, Beverly Wang, Patricia Heller, Hongying Huang, Zhiheng Pei, Iman Osman, Shane Meehan, and Peng Lee. (2011) Metastatic balloon cell malignant melanoma: a case report and literature review. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 4(3): 315–321.

Matthew R. Pincus, MD, PhD, Donghong Cai, MD. Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods
Chapter 27. Chemical Basis for Analyte Assays and Common Interferences

Zhang X, Gupta R, Nicastri AD. Bladder adenocarcinoma following gastrocystoplasty. J Pediatr Urol. 2010, 6(5):525-527

Zhang X, Ouyang J, Kim Y-D. Large cecal lipoma mimicking malignancy. World J Gastrointest Oncol. 2010, 2(7):304-306

Zhang X, Travis WD. Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2010 (In press)

Zhang X, Axiotis CA. Thyroid-type carcinoma of Struma Ovarii. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2010, 134(5):786-91

Zhang X, Ouyang J, Wieczorek R, DeSoto F. Iron medication-induced gastric mucosal injury. Pathol Res Pract. 2009, 205 (8):579-581

Ouyang J, Dalal S, Blumenthal D, et al. Myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure and septicemia: rare complications of exertional rhabdomyolysis in a patient with sickle cell trait. Federal Practitioner, 2009, 26, (4): 14-26.

Recent Presentations:

Zhang X, Wang Z, Axiotis CA. Testicular hamartomata in complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 2010, 134(9): 1356-1357. CAP’10 annual meeting. Sep. 26-29, 2010. Chicago, IL, USA

Zhang X, Oultache A, Axiotis CA. Plasmablastic lymphoma: usual and unusual presentations. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 2010, 134(9): 1381. CAP’10 annual meeting. Sep. 26-29, 2010. Chicago, IL, USA

Zhang X. Cardiac transthyretin amyloidosis and oxidant stress. China Heart Congress/International Heart Forum. Aug. 12-15, 2010. Beijing, China

Malhotra S, Howanitz PJ, Howanitz JH, Alfaro S. Comparative cost analysis of point of care and central laboratory glucose testing. AABB (American Association of Blood Banks) meeting, Baltimore, 2010.

Malholtra S, Valencia GB, Miller ST, Kang SH, Gloster ES. Neonatal hemoglobinuria secondary to glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency mimicking a hemolytic transfusion reaction. AABB (American Association of Blood Banks) meeting, Baltimore, 2010.

Yang X, Wang H, Taylor R, Axiotis CA. Plasmacytoid variant urothelial carcinoma: E-cadherin and beta-catenin. To be presented at College of American Pathologists meeting, 2010.

Yang X, Zhang X. Melanoma with an unusual immunophenotypic profile. To be presented at College of American Pathologists meeting, 2010.

Zhang X, Gottesman SR, Wang H, Axiotis CA, Pulakhandam P, Gupta R. Plasmablastic lymphoma versus plasma cell leukemia with plasmablastic features: A diagnostic dilemma. ASCP 2009 annual meeting. Oct. 28 - Nov. 1, 2009, Chicago, IL, USA

Zhang X, Ouyang J, Axiotis CA. Bone marrow infiltration of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 2009, 133(10): 1646. CAP’09 annual meeting. Oct. 11-14, 2009. Washington DC, USA

Zhang X, Schneller J, Nicastri AD. Brenner tumor with low malignant potential: the utility of p63. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 2008, 132 (9): 1508. CAP’08 annual meeting. Oct. 11-14, 2008. San Diego, CA, USA

Ouyang J, Zhang X, Axiotis CA. Langerhans cell histiocytosis: E-cadherin and Cyclin D1 (poster). Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2009 133(10): will be presented on CAP'2009

Dr. Weijie Li presented a case study, "Placental chorioangioma associated with diffuse fetal vascular malformations" at the CAP meeting, Washington, DC, October, 2009.


Fellowships starting in 2012
Weijie Li: Hematopathology, Montefiore Medical Center, The Bronx, New York
Suarabh Malhotra: Hematopathology, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Hanover, New Hampshire

Xiu Yang: Cytopathology, Montefiore Medical Center, The Bronx, New York

Fellowships starting in 2011

Donghong Cai, Hematopathology, Montefiore Hospital and Medical Center, Bronx, New York

Sharvari Dalal, Cytopathology, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois

Vidhu Kaushik, Cytopathology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Nick Shillingford, Surgical/Gastrointestinal Pathology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island

Xuchen Zhang, Xuchen: Liver/GI Pathology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY

Fellowships starting in 2010

Patricia Ogera, Pediatric Pathology, University of South Florida, Tampa General Hospital, Tampa, Florida

Alifya Oultache, Molecular Diagnostic Pathology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering, New York, NY

Jie Ouyang, Liver/GI Pathology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY

Hangjuin Wang, Oncologic Surgical Pathology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering, New York, NY

Fellowships starting in 2009
Wei Liu: Hematopathology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston
Hongbei Wang: Dermatopathology, Ackerman Institute, New York
Jacob Smalberger: Soft Tissue Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle
Nguylet Le: Transfusion Medicine, New York Blood Center, NY
Shanxiang Zhang: Surgical Pathology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY
Xianyuan (Sarah) Song: Surgical Pathology, Hartford Hospital, CT
Anne Igbokwe: Molecular Genetic Pathology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
Adnan Hasanovic: Oncologic Surgical Pathology Fellowship, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY

Fellowships starting in 2008
Jerome Cheng: Informatics, University of Michigan
Fernando Palma-Diaz: Surgical Pathology, University of Pennsylvania
Sasis (Todd) Sirikanjanapong: Surgical Pathology, New York University
Cytopathology (2009), Montefiore Hospital, Bronx
Yusong Yang: Hematopathology, University of Pennsylvania.

Pathology Residency Training Program
Our fully accredited program in Anatomic and Clinical Pathology based at Downstate Medical Center, the only academic medical center in Brooklyn, offers an outstanding training experience. Trainees are exposed to an exciting mix of case material in our three teaching affiliates: University Hospital of Brooklyn, Kings County Hospital Center, and the New York Harbor Healthcare System (mainly at the Brooklyn Veterans Affairs Medical Center). Fully accredited fellowship training also is available in Neuropathology and Dermatopathology.

The main objective of our program is to train physicians to be competent practitioners of Anatomic and Clinical Pathology in a variety of settings, e.g., academic medical centers, community hospitals, and referral laboratories. Residents are expected to develop knowledge, skills, and aptitudes consistent with the six ACGME General Competencies.

Our faculty has broad-based and nationally recognized expertise in all major areas of pathology. They oversee a comprehensive didactic program that includes case and special topic presentations and lectures, textbook review, unknown slide conferences, and journal clubs. Anatomic Pathology rotations and exposures include training in autopsy pathology, surgical pathology, renal pathology, dermatopathology, forensic pathology, neuropathology, cytopathology, pediatric pathology, and electron microscopy. Clinical pathology includes training in transfusion medicine, molecular pathology, clinical chemistry, hematopathology, immunology, microbiology, laboratory management, and interpretive analysis of laboratory test results. Elective rotations offering opportunity for more in-depth training and/or clinical or basic research are available at advanced levels of training.

Trainees are encouraged to conduct clinical or basic science research, present their work at national and regional meetings, and contribute to the scientific literature. The diverse array of clinical material is ideal for case studies and other clinical research. In addition, residents may work in basic science laboratories; investigators within the department have active research programs in infrared spectroscopic imaging and diffuse optical tomography; memory, learning and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease; cancer-related peptides and therapeutics, and immunologic aspects of asthma and HIV infection.

Types and Numbers of Appointments
The program has positions for 23 pathology residents and fellows. Residents may choose a combined 4-year AP/CP, 3-year AP only or 3-year CP only program. AP/NP residency training and Neuropathology fellowships also are available at the neuropath fellowship page.

Our facilities include approximately 1,403 beds at the three hospitals. The laboratories are staffed by faculty members of the Department of Pathology of SUNY Downstate Medical Center. The clinical material reflects the diversity of our hospitals and communities. Both forensic and medical autopsies are performed at the modern facility of the Brooklyn Office of the Chief Medical Examiner of New York City on our campus. Investigators in the department maintain research laboratories in the Basic Sciences Building of the College of Medicine as well as at the New York Harbor Healthcare System (mainly at the Brooklyn Veterans Affairs Medical Center). The Medical Research Library of Brooklyn is one of the largest medical libraries in the United States and features extensive computer facilities.

For current residents:


Vacation.Conference.Leave Request Form

Residency Rotation Schedule
For the 2012-2013 academic year, effective August 15, 2012 :

2012-2013 Resident Rotation Schedule

Stipends and Benefits
In 2012-2013, PGY-1 residents receive a stipend of approximately $55,677 - $55,858. Residents are provided with professional liability, medical care and hospitalization insurance, dental insurance, and approximately four weeks of vacation.

The large variety of cultural, recreational and educational opportunities available in New York City are well known. Perhaps less well known are the extraordinary entertainment, recreational and cultural opportunities in Brooklyn. In addition, the student center has lounges, a large gym, pool, squash and tennis courts, a sauna and music rooms.

Suzanne S. Mirra MD Distinguished Service Professor and Chair, neuropathology;

Khaled I. Abu-Lawi PhD Clinical Associate Professor, microbiology;

Virginia Anderson MD Associate Professor, pediatric pathology;

Thomas Athanassiades MD Associate Professor, medical student education;

Constantine A. Axiotis MD Professor, surgical pathology oncology;

Randall Barbour PhD Professor, optical imaging;

Stephen J. deRoux MD Clinical Assistant Professor, forensic pathology;

Fidelina DeSoto MD Clinical Assistant Professor, surgical pathology;

Helen G. Durkin PhD Associate Professor, immunology;

Susan R.S. Gottesman PhD, MD Professor, hematopathology;

Raavi Gupta, MD, Clinical Assistant Professor, surgical pathology, hematopathology;

Edward Heilman MD Associate Professor, dermatopathology;

Joan H. Howanitz MD Professor, clinical pathology, chemical pathology;

Peter J. Howanitz MD Professor, clinical pathology, chemical pathology;

Steven Kang, MD, Transfusion Medicine;

Felicitas Lacbawan, MD, Visiting Associate Professor, molecular pathology;

Jenny Libien MD, PhD Assistant Professor, neuropathology, autopsy pathology;

Josef Michl MD Associate Professor, hematology, cellular immunology;

Anthony Nicastri MD Professor, surgical pathology, renal pathology;

Maja Nowakowski PhD Associate Professor, immunology;

Matthew R. Pincus MD, PhD Professor, clinical pathology;

Chandrakant Rao, Clinical Professor, neuropathology;

Martin Salwen MD Distinguished Service Professor, clinical pathology, computers;

Janet A. Schneller MD Clinical Professor, surgical pathology, cytology;

Charles Shao MD, PhD Clinical Associate Professor, neuropathology, surgical pathology;

Haseeb A. Siddiqi PhD Associate Professor, parasitology;

Marshall P. Solomon DDS Clinical Professor, oral pathology;

Jonathan Somma, MD, Surgical Pathology and Cytopathology;

Carolyn Webber MD Professor Emeritus;

Rosemary Wieczorek MD Clinical Associate Professor, surgical pathology; immunopathology;

Carmencita Yudis MD Clinical Assistant Professor, surgical pathology.


All applications must be submitted through the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS). The Program does not accept hard copy applications via regular mail, fax nor electronic copies via email. Residency candidates must be graduates of approved medical schools in the United States or Canada. Graduates of foreign medical schools must have an ECFMG certificate.

All applicants should have USMLE Step I and Step II (CK) scores of 205 or above or COMLEX scores of 85 and above. All Step exams, including Step 2 (CS) must be passed on the first attempt. Letters of Reference and interviews are required.

Applications should be received by January 15, 2013 for appointments beginning July 1, 2013.

The program will consider sponsoring J-1 visas for 2013-2014.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Do You Accept International Medical Graduates to your program?


Can I submit my application via email or by mail or in person?

Our faculty only considers applicants whose files come to us through the ERAS system.  We only review those candidates’ applications that are fully complete and ready for review.  If you have not submitted all of the required documents needed through ERAS, we urge you to do so at your earliest convenience to receive full consideration in the process. 

Am I Required to Pass USMLE on my 1st attempt?


Do we require passing Step 3 for IMGs?

Not for an interview. 

Is there a cut-off date since Medical School Graduation year?

Yes.  Applicants must have graduated within the past 10 years (i.e., 2001). 

Do you take applicants outside the Match?

We plan to fill all our positions through the Match although we may take an occasional candidate outside the Match. 

Is there a Pre-match option?

For international medical graduates only. 

Do you require Interviews?

Yes, we require an interview before we consider an applicant for an appointment in our program. 

Is there an Application Deadline?

To be considered for an interview and a matched position, applicants must have all their materials completed and in our hands by January 15, 2013.  We begin to review candidates on a rolling basis in early October and will complete our review no later than February 15, 2013.  This will give us adequate time to develop our rank order list for the match and to interview those candidates who may apply just before our deadline. 

Is ECFMG Certification needed for Interview?

Not needed for interview, but must pass prior to match.

Are Observerships available?


Is on-campus housing available?


Will I receive a response to my application?

Yes. All applicants are notified in writing of the status of their application. If rejected, you will learn of that decision within one week of the faculty's meeting and review of your application. If under consideration, you will be advised within one month of your application regarding scheduling an interview or rejection.

Additional Inquiries:
Peter J. Howanitz, MD, Residency Program Director
Henry S. Flax, EdD, Residency Program Education Coordinator
Department of Pathology
SUNY Downstate Medical Center
450 Clarkson Avenue, Box 25
Brooklyn, NY 11203
Phone: 718-270-8173


More Information

Autopsy Pathology Curriculum

Clinical Chemistry Goals and Responsibilities

Clinical Pathology Resident Education at the Brooklyn Veterans Administration Hospital


Cytopathology Curriculum Goals and Objectives

Dermatopathology Curriculum Goals and Objectives

Forensic Pathology Goals and Objectives

Hematology Curriculum

Microbiology Curriculum

Neuropathology Curriculum

Pediatric Pathology Curriculum

Surgical Pathology Curriculum

Transfusion Medicine Curriculum