SUNY Downstate Medical Center
Conditions covered by Ophthalmology Services
Esotropia – a condition whereby one or both eyes turn inward. Can be congenital or acquired and may be related to hyperopia (farsightedness). Esotropia can be corrected by either glasses or surgery in most cases. If one eye preferentially turns inward, it may become weak (amblyopic) and patching the noninvolved eye may improve vision in the weak eye.
Exotropia – a condition whereby one or both eyes turn outward. Exotropia can be corrected by either glasses or surgery in most cases. If one eye preferentially turns outward, it may become weak (amblyopic) and patching the noninvolved eye may improve vision in the weak eye.
Pediatric Cataract – a cloudy lens which can be present at birth (congenital cataract) or later on. The cataract can be unilateral (one eye) or bilateral (both eyes). Depending on the degree of opacity (cloudiness) and its impact on the child's vision, the cataract may need to be removed surgically. An artificial lens (IOL) may be implanted at the time of cataract removal depending on the age of the patient and other factors.
Strabismus – the horizontal and or vertical misalignment of the eyes. Strabismus can vary in severity and sometimes is treated with eyeglasses and sometimes with surgical intervention.
Blepharoplasty – The removal of excess skin and or muscle (dermatochalasis) from the eyelid through various surgical procedures.
Ectropion – the outward turning of one or more of the eyelids. There are numerous causes for ectropion each of which may dictate the type of surgery that may be necessary to correct the condition.
Entropion – the inward turning of one or more of the eyelids. The condition is treated with surgery when significant turning is noted and the ocular surface is being compromised.
Eyelid Cancer – Basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma can all affect the eyelids. Diagnosed early, suspicious lesions can be successfully removed with cure in most instances.
Ptosis – The drooping of the eyelid which can be an aging change or due to conditions such as myasthenia gravis and thyroid dysfunction. In cases where vision is compromised or for cosmetic purposes the eyelid can be repaired with surgical intervention.
Tear duct disorders – The inability to completely drain tears from the ocular surface through the tear duct system can lead to a myriad of eye problems. Probing the system and intubating the system are two ways in which the oculoplastic doctors can many times repair this problem.